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Google Doodle honours Persian mathematician Omar Khayyam on 971st birthday

Omar Khayam or Abu’l Fath Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Khayyam, the famous Persian mathematician, astronomer and poet’s 971st birthday is being commended by Google today.

Omar Khayyam is most know for his Jalali schedule. Jalali is a solar calendar with quite accurate 33-year intercalation cycle. This calendar is now the basis for several other calendars.

Khayyam is likewise renowned as a mathematician in light of his study on order and solution of cubic equations. He is the person who gave the world the solutions for these geometric problems by the intersection of conics.

In simpler terms, he was the person who gave us a general thought of the manners in which a cubic equation could be illuminated.

He was the person who found about Pascal’s triangle and triangular exhibit of binomial coefficients

In 1077, he published a book on non-euclidean geometry ‘Sharh mama ashkala min musadarat kitab Uqlidis’ signifying ‘Explanations of the Difficulties in the Postulates of Euclid’. This was later translated in English ‘On the Difficulties of Euclid’s Definitions’.

He also wrote ‘Problems of Arithmetic’, a book on music and algebra.

He was likewise as incredible a poet as he was a mathematician. His stanza, “The Moving Finger writes, and, having writ, Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line, Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it,” is very famous.

May 18, 2019, marks his 971st birthday. The astronomer died on December 4, 1131, he was buried in the Khayyam Garden.

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