A look at the music of southern Iran with Yousef Kohzad, a professional singer and musician

At the same time, Iran is culturally and ethnically diverse and diverse. One of the things that shows these cultural differences well is folk music or areas that have their roots in the distant past. From north to south and from east to west to every city we enter, the sound of the life of the people of that region can be heard from the sound of their instruments. In fact, the music of each region has its own characteristics in terms of tone and expression. In this article, we have studied the unique features of music in southern Iran.

Characteristics of southern Iranian music

Southern Iran is one of the regions that has a lot to say in the field of regional music, especially in the provinces of Khuzestan, Hormozgan and Bushehr. The music of southern Iran is one of the richest and at the same time the most complex music in the regions of Iran. We all know that the music of southern Iran is happy and taken from the warm nature of this region; But contrary to the beliefs of many audiences, this music is not very simple and has a variety of positions and customs.

It should be noted that this fervor can also be seen in the mourning of the south, which uses Sanch and Dammam to produce sad music, and the result is different from most music that narrates sorrow and pain and has a calm rhythm. In fact, one of the features that distinguishes southern folk music is its efficiency in religious ceremonies, which itself has distinctive songs and methods. Of course, southern rhythmic music is better known than its mourning music.

Bandari: It is the most famous way of performing music in the south, which is very similar to African music and is influenced by the music of African immigrants to the south of Iran. The music is cheerful and rhythmic. This music is played with the percussion instruments of tomba, tempo and anban reed, which is a wind instrument and is played in happy ceremonies and weddings.

Sabalo: One of the common forms in the local music of Hormozgan and Bushehr provinces is Sabalo. It is a song that accompanies the circle and is performed by singers sitting in a circle. The singers move their shoulders to the right and left as they perform the sebalo. Sabalo’s dance and music are also influenced by African music.

Yazleh: Another popular form of Yazleh is performed by a group of non-professional singers and is accompanied only by touching. In this music, the melody is the most important and the text is not given much importance. This form of southern Iranian music is one of the forms used in mourning ceremonies and is accompanied by breastfeeding.

Liva: This music, which is common in Hormozgan, is played for joy and is accompanied by dance. It is a kind of port music performance that has been influenced by Arabic and African music, especially the beaches of Zanzibar, and has come to this land. This type of music also uses large and small drums, such as Pipa, Joffa, Punka and Tovairi. This music is mostly performed in celebrations and is performed with individual and group dances with special rhythms.

Musician: The ritual ceremony is one of the most mysterious and at the same time the most complex music in Iran. In this ceremony, various instruments are used, one of which is called Tabireh or Tanbur. This instrument can only be played by “Baba Zar” or someone else who allows it; Is played. The percussion of this instrument is made of the horn of a cow or a sheep that has been sacrificed for the performance of a ritual. Zar is basically a healing ritual that people believe causes the demon to come out of the demon possessed body. In this ceremony, which is also called “Sar” in Somalia, a person named Babazar or Mamazar is in charge of the ceremony. In the music field, the tambourine instrument, the percussion instruments of Dahl, Dammam and Deira are used, as well as singing.

Music of southern Iran – music field – removing the jinn from the body of the demon possessed with music

 Azwa Dance: In the days of Eid-ul-Adha, Eid-ul-Fitr and especially in weddings, a number of captains, spies and Qeshmi fishermen with large instruments and drums to the streets and squares of the city They come and dance and beat their feet as a sign of joy and happiness while playing the drums.

Nimeh Khani: It is the music of sailors. This music is played while working at sea. In the middle of a solo with a group of choirs, they sing songs that praise the sea.

Chavoshi: Chavoshi is called when escorting or when welcoming pilgrims. Chavoshi is also recited on the third night of Muharram, the night of Ashura or Arbaeen, among the lamentations (units) and during construction works, and so on. In general, Chavoshi song is sung when there is a need to strengthen the collective spirit. Chavoshi is sometimes sung as an exchange of songs between two or more people. Chavoshi singers should have a loud voice.

Shroveh: It is a kind of sad Dashtestani couplet singing and singing that is performed in the local language.

Shahnameh reading: It is sung with special songs in night parties.


Explanations on why we need music theory from the point of view of famous Iranian singer, musician and composer Hadi Borhan

Hadi Borhan, a talented and popular musician and composer, gave a talk on the subject of music theory.

He says

One of the things to keep in mind about music theory is that music came into being first. And in the meantime, there are no chickens or eggs. Music existed thousands of years ago. The theory is that if a person beats his drums, he will do so in order to produce a sound.

So never think that you can not be a good musician because you did not go to a theory class or did not know theory. Basically, if you are a good musician / musician. You probably already know a lot about music theory. You do not know only the words and its technical principles.

The concepts and rules that make up music theory are very similar to the rules of grammar. Which show the order behind the written language. Grammar, like music theory, came into being when people were fully trained to speak. Only the ability to describe the structural order of language has made it possible for distant people to “hear” conversations and stories as the author intended. Overwriting music by theory allows composers and musicians to read and play music as intended by its creator.


Learning to sing music is a lot like learning a new language, in that you can “hear” a musical “conversation” while playing a piece.

There are many people in the world who cannot read or write, but can convey their thoughts and feelings well verbally. As many intuitive and self-taught musicians and musicians have never learned to read or write music. And in general, learning music theory is considered tedious and unnecessary. However, just like the leaps that learning to read and write a new language can make in our learning process. Music theory can also help musicians learn new techniques. And perform styles of music they are unfamiliar with. Knowing music theory can also give an artist the confidence to try new things.

If you are on the path of music and you want to choose an instrument for yourself. There have probably been people who have advised you to learn music theory. Music theory is essentially the study of the grammar of music. Music theory examines the elements that make up a piece of music, including notes, keyboards, fractions, and chords.

Many music teachers believe that music theory is a fundamental principle in a balanced educational process. And they usually put theory in their lessons. On the other hand, some believe that learning music theory does not make a person perform better as a musician. Therefore, they consider it unnecessary.

Opponents of music theory claim that learning music theory is futile. They also believe that this is harmful to the musician and composer. Music theory seems to involve musicians in a kind of mental framework and following the rules in this framework. This limits music, which should not be considered a free-spirited art.

This view is valid only insofar as the musician fully adheres to the conventions and rules of the music theory framework. Otherwise, this assumption is very limiting. Which can be translated into the fact that all musicians who have extensive knowledge of music theory are mindless robots that are programmed to follow a certain logic in their music away from any creativity.


The effects of music on children from the point of view and language of Youna Ahmadi

Youna Ahmadi, the famous and popular singer of our country, talks about the effects of listening to children’s music

Youna opinion:

Having a smart child is the dream of every parent. Many believe that children’s intelligence is a genetic phenomenon. Other parents want to turn their child into a genius by using tutoring classes and spending a lot of money. But there is another shortcut that has been proven by various studies, and that quick and quick way to make your child a genius is nothing but music.

Passive listening to music makes children smarter, which means that if you expose your child to music from an early age, you have greatly helped his mental development. But surely these children are not comparable to children who have actively practiced music, that is, playing an instrument.

One of the biggest benefits of using music for children is boosting their self-confidence. When the child is able to play an instrument and can also read a short poem while playing, he will feel a certain sunset and as a result, he will have faith in himself and his abilities. This event will cultivate good self-confidence in him. In addition, playing a musical instrument will cultivate a sense of courage and bravery in the child, because there will certainly be times when he will perform in front of you or friends and relatives, and as a result, such a child will never become a shy person.

 Everyone can learn different concepts. But the fact that a person is labeled a genius is due to the speed with which he or she learns. Music exactly affects the speed of your learning. If you can introduce your child to music at an early age, you have a profound effect on his learning speed. Music enhances children’s problem-solving power because they use their thinking power while playing and practicing music, and practice through concentration and thinking. As a result, your child’s thinking learns to use his or her intellect in everything.